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longitudinal (trend repeated cross-section)
EB - Eurobarometer
The Eurobarometer survey is designed to provide regular monitoring of public social and political attitudes in the EU through specific trend questions. Therefore, the general aim of EB is to know the attitudes and evaluations of European citizens about large general themes. The questions concern to the European integration issues, but sometimes they regard also specific problem about single country or common problems of economic, political or social nature.
The arguments of Eurobarometer 85.1 are as follows:
- Fight against terrorism and radicalisation: attitudes towards European policies and actions; terrorist threat and measures against terrorism; measures against radicalisation and recruitment of EU citizens by terrorist organisations; mutual defence clause of the EU
- Antimicrobial resistance: use and knowledge of antibiotics; information about the correct use of antibiotics; level to tackle the resistance of antibiotics; use of antibiotics in farm animals
- Financial products and services: use of financial products and services; financial products and services purchased in another Eu member state; provider change; cross-border transactions using other currencies
- Online platforms: attitudes towards search engines and search results; terms and conditions on online platforms; use of personal data; reliability of review rankings or rating systems.
Data are available for free (registration required). After logging in, please click on the green button in the box at the right.
Nations: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden
Geographical Unit: state
Analysis Unit: individual
Universe: whole national population of 15 years and older
Sample Procedure: about 1.000 individuals for each country. Multi-stage stratified random sample
Weight: Weight used. Please read the documentation for any details
Collection Mode: face to face interview, Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)
Collection Size: UniData supplies: 1 dataset in SPSS format; 1 dataset in Stata format; 2 questionnaire in PDF format (ita, eng); 1 methodological notes in PDF format (eng); 1 syntax file for missing data in SPSS format (6 file)
|Methodological Notes and codebook (pdf):|
Data Use Restriction:
UniData – official representative for the dissemination of Eurobarometer surveys in Italy – provides a free data access for all Italian residents upon registration. Data are released in according to GESIS Licence (Category 0), available at this link. Other users will need to contact the GESIS Data Archive.
Source Contact: Eurobarometer Data Service - GESIS
European Commission. (2016) Eurobarometer 85.1: fight against terrorism, use of antibiotics, financial services, online platforms. TNS Opinion & Social [Producer]. GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences [Producer]. UniData - Bicocca Data Archive, Milan. Study Number SI355. Data file version 2.0
The user is obliged to quote all data and documents disseminated by UniData and used in the own publications, using the information previously showed. The user is also obliged to send UniData the bibliographic citations related to the publications where the requested data and documents are used.
Neither the depositor nor UniData bear any responsibility for the analysis or interpretation of the data produced by the user.
Question module QA was implemented on behalf of and financed by the European Parliament. Questions QA9 to QA17 on “Perceptions and expectations, the fight against terrorism and radicalization” are – except for QA9 – newly introduced. Data for questions QA1 to QA8 (European Youth in 2016) are only available separately in the framework of Eurobarometer 85.1OVR including an OVeRsample of young respondents aged 16 to 30.
Question module QB on “Antimicrobial Resistance” partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 79.4.
Question module QC on “Financial Products and Services” is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 76.1.
Question module QD on “Online Platforms” is newly introduced.
Extrapolated population figures as calculated by WEXTRA differ slightly from the population 15+ figures per country indicated in the technical specifications provided by TNS.
Additional variables qd1a_1f to qd6f represent results for internet and online platforms users only. Respondents who do not use the internet or online platforms are recoded “9” (Inap.) in each variable.
For Italy, Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovenia, Bulgaria and Romania the end of fieldwork dates coded in the dataset in variable p1 differ from the end of fieldwork dates indicated in the official technical specifications. Furthermore, a high number of cases (2,687) across almost all samples has not been coded a fieldwork date but “DK” in the original dataset.
No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.