Eurobarometer 86.1: Parlemeter 2016, Future of Europe, Media pluralism and democracy (2016)

European Commission


Changelog (Archive version):

2.0 - 2020-07-22
* Data and metadata updated to the latest release (2.0.0)

1.0 - 2017-10-25
* First import routine of the study



Changelog (Source release):

2.0.0 - 2020-07-13
* Archive edition

1.1.0 - 2017-09-05
* Archive pre-release



UniData provides two kind of data access:

  • open data
    (all users can use the data - an expense allowance could be required)
  • restricted data
    (the data use is limited - see below)

Data Kind:
individual data

Time Dimensions:
longitudinal (trend repeated cross-section)

Series Name:
EB - Eurobarometer

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The Eurobarometer survey is designed to provide regular monitoring of public social and political attitudes in the EU through specific trend questions. Therefore, the general aim of EB is to know the attitudes and evaluations of European citizens about large general themes. The questions concern to European integration issues, but sometimes they regard also specific problem about single country or common problems of economic, political or social nature.

The arguments of Eurobarometer 86.1 are as follows:

  • Parlemeter 2016: Awareness of, knowledge about, attitudes towards and trust in the European Parliament, EP policy priorities and values, European identity issues, Attitudes towards and (dis-)advantages of European Union membership
  • Future of Europe: Main EU assets, Future EU challenges, EU political influence, Future priorities and perspective
  • Media pluralism and democracy: Trust in media, media independence and reliability, Social media use and perceptions/experiences of abuse therein.

Data are available for free (registration required). After logging in, please click on the green button download_arrow in the box at the right.

Keywords: , , ,

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Topic Classification:

  • INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION - information society
  • POLITICS - international politics and organisations
  • POLITICS - mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • SOCIETY AND CULTURE - cultural and national identity
  • SOCIETY AND CULTURE - social behaviour and attitudes
  • SOCIETY AND CULTURE - social change
  • Nations: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden

    Geographical Unit: size community

    Analysis Unit: individual

    Universe: residents in the respective country aged 15 and over

    Sample Procedure: about 1,000 individuals for each country. Multi-stage stratified random sample

    Weight: Weight used. Please read the documentation for any details

    Collection Mode: face to face interview, Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)

    Collection Size: UniData supplies: 1 dataset in SPSS format; 1 dataset in Stata format; 1 SPSS syntax file concerning missing value; 2 questionnaires in PDF format (ita, eng); 1 methodological notes and codebook file in PDF format (eng) (6 file)


    Methodological Notes and codebook (pdf):
    DDI Documentation:
    DDI Documentation

    Data Use Restriction:
    UniData – official representative for the dissemination of Eurobarometer surveys in Italy – provides a free data access for all Italian residents upon registration. Data are released in according to GESIS Licence (Category 0), available at this link. Other users will need to contact the GESIS Data Archive.
    Source Contact: Eurobarometer Data Service - GESIS

    European Commission. (2016) Eurobarometer 86.1: Parlemeter 2016, Future of Europe, Media pluralism and democracy. TNS Opinion & Social [Producer]. GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences [Producer]. UniData - Bicocca Data Archive, Milan. Study Number SI361. Data file version 2.0

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    The user is obliged to quote all data and documents disseminated by UniData and used in the own publications, using the information previously showed. The user is also obliged to send UniData the bibliographic citations related to the publications where the requested data and documents are used.

    Neither the depositor nor UniData bear any responsibility for the analysis or interpretation of the data produced by the user.


    Question module QA ‘Parlemeter 2016’ was implemented on behalf of and financed by the European Parliament. It partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 84.1.

    Question module QB ‘Future of Europe’ is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 81.1 (ZA5878) and Eurobarometer 78.2.

    Question module QC “Media pluralism and democracy” was newly introduced.

    No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.

    Questions qc5 and qc6 refer to country-specific media bodies that can be identified via the corresponding country questionnaires (with the exception of the German questionnaire).

    The filter routing for question qc9 displayed in the questionnaires refers only to categories “very often” (1) and “sometimes” (2) (“IF QC7=1,2 OR QC8=1,2”), while the definition of following and directly participating in debates on social media displayed in the report and in the data additionally includes persons answering “rarely” (3) on qc7 or qc8.

    Please note that four respondents from Germany give substantial answers in d46_1 to d46_11 (“OWNERSHIP DURABLES”) and at the same time are coded 1 (“Mentioned”) in d46_12 (“None”).

    Questionnaire item D62_3 (Internet use on mobile device) was not actually presented to the respondents. D62_4 in the questionnaires is displayed as D62_3 in the data set.

    Please note that the basic questionnaire contains information on “Region- Other division” for Ireland, Finland and Estonia with obsolete divisions (valid until Eurobarometer 81.2). This is also true for the corresponding national field questionnaires.