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longitudinal (trend repeated cross-section)
EB - Eurobarometer
The Eurobarometer survey is designed to provide regular monitoring of public social and political attitudes in the EU through specific trend questions. Therefore, the general aim of EB is to know the attitudes and evaluations of European citizens about large general themes. The questions concern to the European integration issues, but sometimes they regard also specific problem about single country or common problems of economic, political or social nature.
The arguments of Eurobarometer 87.1 are as follows:
- Two years until the 2019 European elections: European Parliament Eurobarometer: Information on and role of the EP, knowledge about European institutions and the EP, present and future of the EP, European values and policies, European Identity, media use.
- Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes: Smoking habits regarding boxed cigarettes, hand-rolled cigrarettes, cigars, cigarillos, pipe, water pipe, oral/chewing/nasal tabacco and electronic cigarettes. Efforts to quit smoking, passive smoking inside and banning advertisements for tobacco products.
- Climate change: Appraisal of the problem, responsibility and political measures, personal action, the national government’s energy targets.
- Attitudes towards the impact of digitisation and automation on daily life: Awareness of, usage of and attitudes towards autonomous systems: robots, artificial intelligence, driverless cars and civil drones; Cyber security, online social networks and health services.
- Coach services: Usage frequency, reasons for using coaches, appraisal of services.
Data are available for free (registration required). After logging in, please click on the green button in the box at the right.
Nations: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden
Geographical Unit: size community
Analysis Unit: individual
Universe: residents in the respective country aged 15 and over
Sample Procedure: about 1,000 individuals for each country. Multi-stage stratified random sample
Weight: Weight used. Please read the documentation for any details
Collection Mode: face to face interview, Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)
Collection Size: UniData supplies: 1 dataset in SPSS format; 1 dataset in Stata format; 1 SPSS sintax file concerning missing values; 2 questionnaires in PDF format (ita, eng); 1 methodological notes and codebook in PDF format (eng) (6 file)
|Methodological Notes and codebook (pdf):|
Data Use Restriction:
UniData – official representative for the dissemination of Eurobarometer surveys in Italy – provides a free data access for all Italian residents upon registration. Data are released in according to GESIS Licence (Category 0), available at this link. Other users will need to contact the GESIS Data Archive.
Source Contact: Eurobarometer Data Service - GESIS
European Commission. (2017) Eurobarometer 87.1: Two years until the 2019 European elections, Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes, Climate change, Attitudes towards the impact of digitisation and automation on daily life, Coach services. TNS Opinion & Social [Producer]. GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences [Producer]. UniData - Bicocca Data Archive, Milan. Study Number SI364. Data file version 2.0
The user is obliged to quote all data and documents disseminated by UniData and used in the own publications, using the information previously showed. The user is also obliged to send UniData the bibliographic citations related to the publications where the requested data and documents are used.
Neither the depositor nor UniData bear any responsibility for the analysis or interpretation of the data produced by the user.
Question module QA was implemented on behalf of and financed by the European Parliament. It partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 86.1 and 84.1.
Question module QB is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 82.4.
Question module QC is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 83.4.
Question module QD is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 82.4.
Question module QE was newly introduced.
Please note that gen1 to gen6 are based on age instead of year of birth, which may entail a slightly inaccurate categorization for some respondents. Moreover, additional discrepancy in the categorization might be due to the potential use of 2016 as reference year instead of 2017.
Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 (with 84.1 for Germany), the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has changed considerably. Categories for all countries have been harmonized among each other to three values (Rural area – Towns and suburbs/small urban area – Cities/large urban areas).
Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P7 (REGION) has changed for some countries, in particular introducing NUTS categories for Ireland, Estonia, and Croatia.
Extrapolated population figures as calculated by WEXTRA differ slightly from the population 15+ figures indicated in the technical specifications provided by TNS.
70 respondents from PT are coded missing in qb4b (“SMOKING HABITS FORMERLY: …”) due to a translation problem. This also affects qb5b (“SMOKING HABITS FORMERLY: CIGARETTES PER DAY”) and qb6b (“CIGARETTE CHARS FORMERLY: …”). Additionally, 65 respondents from Portugal that are coded missing in original source variable qb5b and the archive version are declared as DK in the recoded version of the original variable, which is included in the tabular volumes. Please note that the recoded variable qb5b_r in the archive dataset is corrected referring to qb5b, therefore coding the 65 respondents from PT as 999 “Inap. (not coded 1-5 in qb4b_1 and qb4b_2) [also see note]”. Furthermore, an unusually high number of respondents from PT are coded DK in qb6b, which might indicate that these respondents are missing cases, too. The divergent figures in the report could underline this assumption.
Please note that for summarized variable qd3t ‘EFFECTIVE REGULATION OF TECHNOLOGIES – COMBINATIONS (TOTAL)’ answers to qd3_4 (‘EFFECTIVE REGULATION OF TECH: OTHER (SPONT)’) are not excluded from summarized categories.
69 respondents from BE indicate that they trust stories published on online social networks (coded 1 (Mentioned) in qd5.1 to qd5.5), and at the same are coded 1 (Mentioned) in qd5.6 (“ONLINE SOC NETWORKS STORY TRUST: GENERALLY DO NOT TRUST”) even though code 6 was specified as exclusive in the questionnaire.
Please note the undocumented filter for variables qd6 (FACT CHECKING WEBSITE USE): Data is available only for respondents that report online social network usage in d62_5 (INTERNET USE FREQ: ONLINE SOC NETWORKS).
Please note the undocumented filter for variables qd17 (CYBER SECURITY ACTION LAST 3YRS) and qd18 (BUYING IT PRODUCTS: ROLE OF SECURITY/PRIVACY): Data is available only for respondents that report internet usage in d62 (INTERNET USE FREQ).
The end-of-fieldwork dates implied by the values in protocol variable p1 (date of interview) differ slightly from those indicated in the technical specifications provided by TNS for some countries.
Weighting variable w3a4a has been erroneous for the United Kingdom in version 1.1.0. The variable was corrected in version 1.2.0.
Variables qb4b7 and qb19r are available in the dataset starting with version v2.0.0.
No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.