Eurobarometer 87.4: Perception of Security, and Gender Equality (2017)

European Commission


Changelog (Archive version):

2.0 - 2022-02-16
* data and metadata updated to the latest release (2.0.0)

1.0 - 219-01-18
* first import routine of the study.



Changelog (Source release):

2.0.0 - 2022-02-10
* archive edition

1.0.0 - 2019-01-18
* pre-release



UniData provides two kind of data access:

  • open data
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  • restricted data
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Data Kind:
individual data

Time Dimensions:
longitudinal (trend repeated cross-section)

Series Name:
EB - Eurobarometer

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The Eurobarometer survey is designed to provide regular monitoring of public social and political attitudes in the EU through specific trend questions. Therefore, the general aim of EB is to know the attitudes and evaluations of European citizens about large general themes. The questions concern to the European integration issues, but sometimes they regard also specific problem about single country or common problems of economic, political or social nature.

The arguments of Eurobarometer 87.4 are as follows:

  • Perception of Security: the most important challenges and threats facing EU citizens, the performance of police and other law enforcement authorities, and their cooperation with each other and other EU countries. In addition, risks of cyber crime, respondents’ devices used to access the Internet online activities, prevention of online harassment of household children, concerns about and experience with being victimized in cyber crime, and adjustments to internet use based upon concerns
  • Gender Equality: questions regarding gender equality addressed the prevalence of stereotypical beliefs, perception and importance of gender equality, perception of share of housework and caring activities, and the representation of women in media and advertising. In addition, gender equality and politics, their perception of the gender pay gap, and gender equality at work.

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Topic Classification:

  • SOCIAL STRATIFICATION AND GROUPINGS - gender and gender roles
  • Nations: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden

    Geographical Unit: size community

    Analysis Unit: individual

    Universe: Residents in the respective country aged 15 and over

    Sample Procedure: about 1,000 individuals for each country. Multi-stage stratified random sample

    Weight: Weight used. Please read the documentation for any details

    Collection Mode: face to face interview, Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)

    Collection Size: UniData supplies: 1 dataset in SPSS format; 1 dataset in Stata format; 1 syntax file concerning missing value in SPSS format; 1 questionnaires in PDF format (eng); 1 methodological notes and codebook file in PDF format (eng) (5 file)


    Methodological Notes and codebook (pdf):
    DDI Documentation:
    DDI Documentation

    Data Use Restriction:
    UniData – official representative for the dissemination of Eurobarometer surveys in Italy – provides a free data access for all Italian residents upon registration. Data are released in according to GESIS Licence (Category 0), available at this link. Other users will need to contact the GESIS Data Archive.
    Source Contact: Eurobarometer Data Service - GESIS

    European Commission . (2017) Eurobarometer 87.4: Perception of Security, and Gender Equality. TNS Opinion & Social [Producer]. GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences [Producer]. UniData - Bicocca Data Archive, Milan. Study Number SI369. Data file version 2.0

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    Question module QA ‘Designing Europe’s future’ is permanently not available.

    Question module QB on ‘Europeans’ attitudes towards security’ partly replicates questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Special Eurobarometers 83.2 and 82.2.

    Question module QC on ‘Gender Equality’ carries on the topic in the context of Special Eurobarometers 82.4 and 72.2 but introduces many new questions.

    Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 (with 84.1 for Germany), the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has changed considerably. Categories for all countries have been harmonized among each other to three values (Rural area – Towns and suburbs/small urban area – Cities/large urban areas).

    Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P7 (REGION) has changed for some countries, in particular introducing NUTS categories for Ireland, Estonia, and Croatia.

    Please note that gen1 to gen6 are based on age instead of year of birth, which may entail a slightly inaccurate categorization for some respondents. Moreover, additional discrepancy in the categorization might be due to the potential use of 2016 as reference year instead of 2017.

    The derivation of variables qc1r ‘GENDER STEREOTYPE INDEX’, qc5r ‘MEN SHOULD PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY INDEX’ and qc7r ‘GENDER STEREOTYPES IN POLITICS INDEX’ is only briefly documented in the official report. A complete reconstruction and checking of the derived variables is not possible, but the data are consistent with official figures.

    Derived variable qc16t has been corrected by GESIS in accordance with input variables qc16_1 to qc16_6 and in consistency with the official report.

    Demographic question D43A/B “PHONE AVAILABLE – FIXED/MOBILE IN HH” has not been surveyed but is included in the basic questionnaire.

    The fieldwork dates implied by the values in protocol variable p1 (date of interview) differ slightly from those indicated in the technical specifications provided by TNS for Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Spain, Croatia, Luxembourg, Austria, Poland, and Finland.

    Data for protocol variables p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available.