Eurobarometer 88.3: attitudes towards the EU, Europe 2020, European citizenship and media use (2017)

European Commission


Changelog (Archive version):

2.0 - 2022-12-16
* Data and metadata updated to the latest release (2.0.0)

1.0 - 2018-04-18
* First import routine of the study



Changelog (Source release):

2.0.0 - 2022-07-05
* Archive edition

1.0.0 - 2018-04-06
* Archive pre-release



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Data Kind:
individual data

Time Dimensions:
longitudinal (trend repeated cross-section)

Series Name:
EB - Eurobarometer

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The Eurobarometer survey is designed to provide regular monitoring of public social and political attitudes in the EU through specific trend questions. Therefore, the general aim of EB is to know the attitudes and evaluations of European citizens about large general themes. The questions concern to the European integration issues, but sometimes they regard also specific problem about single country or common problems of economic, political or social nature.

The arguments of Eurobarometer 88.3 are as follows:

  • Attitudes towards the EU: life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; assessment of the current situation in the following areas: own country, national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, provision of public services in the own country
  • Europe 2020 (only in EU28): likelihood to reach the following objectives by 2020, such as jobs, renewable energies, migrations,
  • European economy: impact of the economic crisis on the job market;
  • European citizenship: feeling of attachment towards: own city, own country, European Union, Europe;
  • Media use: assessment of the informedness of the people in the own country about European matters; self-rated knowledge about European matters

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Topic Classification:

  • ECONOMICS - economic policy
  • POLITICS - international politics and organisations
  • POLITICS - mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • SOCIETY AND CULTURE - religion and values
  • SOCIETY AND CULTURE - social behaviour and attitudes
  • SOCIETY AND CULTURE - social change
  • Nations: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey

    Geographical Unit: size community

    Analysis Unit: individual

    Universe: residents in the respective country aged 15 and over

    Sample Procedure: about 1,000 individuals for each country. Multi-stage stratified random sample

    Weight: Weight used. Please read the documentation for any details

    Collection Mode: face to face interview, Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)

    Collection Size: UniData supplies: 1 dataset in SPSS format; 1 dataset in Stata format; 1 syntax file concerning missing value in SPSS format; 2 questionnaires in PDF format (eng, ita); 1 methodological notes and codebook file in PDF format (eng) (6 file)


    Methodological Notes and codebook (pdf):
    DDI Documentation:
    DDI Documentation

    Data Use Restriction:
    UniData – official representative for the dissemination of Eurobarometer surveys in Italy – provides a free data access for all Italian residents upon registration. Data are released in according to GESIS Licence (Category 0), available at this link. Other users will need to contact the GESIS Data Archive.
    Source Contact: Eurobarometer Data Service - GESIS

    European Commission. (2017) Eurobarometer 88.3: attitudes towards the EU, Europe 2020, European citizenship and media use. TNS Opinion [Producer]. GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences [Producer]. UniData - Bicocca Data Archive, Milan. Study Number SI365. Data file version 2.0

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    All question modules in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicating questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 87.3 and 86.2.

    Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 (with 84.1 for Germany), the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has changed considerably. Categories for all countries have been harmonized among each other to three values (Rural area – Towns and suburbs/small urban area – Cities/large urban areas) except for Turkey (5-point category scheme). Starting with Eurobarometer 85.2 the category scheme for Montenegro, Serbia and Albania changed from three to two categories (Rural area – Urban area).

    Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P7 (REGION) has changed for some countries, in particular introducing NUTS categories for Ireland, Estonia, and Croatia.

    Starting with dataset version v2-0-0: since 111 respondents from the Turkish Cypriot Community are coded 1 (Mentioned) in q1_29 (‘NATIONALITY: TURKEY’) even though q1_29 should only have been fielded in Turkey, the countries excluded by the corresponding filter statement are respectively coded 0 (‘Not mentioned’) in variable q1_29.’. Similarly, since eight respondents from the United Kingdom are coded 1 (Mentioned) in q1_31 (‘NATIONALITY: MAKEDONIA (FYROM)’) even though q1_31 should only have been fielded in Macedonia, the countries excluded by the corresponding filter statement are respectively coded 0 (‘Not mentioned’) in variable q1_31. In former dataset versions the other countries (except Turkey and Turkish Cypriot Community in q1_29 and resp. except Great Britain and Macedonia in q1_31) had been coded as missing value code 9.

    One potential duplicate in terms of identical coding of all substantial variables was identified for the Albanian sample (uniqid 710000865+710000880).

    Item qa11_14 (‘EU MEANING: NOT ENOUGH FRONTIER CONTROL’) was phrased slightly differently in the UK.

    Please note that one respondent from the Turkish Cypriot Community is coded 1 in qd4b_3 (‘POSITIVE EU RESULT 2ND: THE EURO’) and at the same time is coded 1 (‘Mentioned’) in qd4b_10 (‘POSITIVE EU RESULT 2ND: NONE (SPONT)’).

    Please note that four respondents from the Turkish Cypriot Community are coded 1 in qe5b_7 (‘EUROP POLIT MATTERS NEWS: NOT LOOK FOR (SPONT)’) and at the same time are coded substantial answers in (coded 1 (‘Mentioned’)) in qe5b_1 to qe5b_6. According to the interviewer instruction answer category 7 ‘You do not look for news on national political matters (Spontaneous) ’ should not have been used in question qe5b. Please note that summarized variable qe5t_7 (‘EUROP POLIT MATTERS NEWS: NOT LOOK FOR (SPONT) (SUM) (SEE NOTE)’) also includes these four cases.

    Please note that six respondents from the Turkish Cypriot Community give substantial answers to qe6 (‘EU INFORMATION SOURCES’) and at the same time are coded 1 (‘Mentioned’) in qe6_15 (‘EU INFORMATION SOURCES: NEVER LOOK FOR (SPONT)’).

    Please note that gen1 to gen6 are based on age instead of year of birth, which may entail a slightly inaccurate categorization for some respondents.

    Please note that one respondent from the Turkish Cypriot Community gives substantial answers in d46_1 to d46_11 (‘OWNERSHIP DURABLES’) and at the same time is coded 1 (‘Mentioned’) in d46_12 (‘None’).

    The end-of-fieldwork dates implied by the values in protocol variable p1 (date of interview) differ slightly from those indicated in the technical specifications provided by TNS for some countries.

    Please note for variable p6lv ‘SIZE OF COMMUNITY – LATVIA’ the unusual distribution for the Riga region.

    SIZE OF COMMUNITY (p6mk) is not available for Macedonia.

    LANGUAGE OF INTERVIEW in Macedonia (p13mk) have been corrected according to plausibility consideration and checked against regions (p7mk) with Albanian resp. Macedonian speaking majorities.

    Data for protocol variables p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available.