Eurobarometer 91.4: Europeans’ attitudes on Trade and EU trade policy, Europeans’ attitudes on EU energy policy, and Discrimination in the European Union (2019)

European Commission


Changelog (Archive version):

1.0 - 2020-05-19
* first import routine of the study



Changelog (Source release):

1.0.0 - 2020-05-13
* GESIS archive pre-release edition



UniData provides two kind of data access:

  • open data
    (all users can use the data - an expense allowance could be required)
  • restricted data
    (the data use is limited - see below)

Data Kind:
individual data

Time Dimensions:
longitudinal (trend repeated cross-section)

Series Name:
EB - Eurobarometer

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The Eurobarometer survey is designed to provide regular monitoring of public social and political attitudes in the EU through specific trend questions. Therefore, the general aim of EB is to know the attitudes and evaluations of European citizens about large general themes. The questions concern to the European integration issues, but sometimes they regard also specific problem about single country or common problems of economic, political or social nature.

The arguments of Eurobarometer 91.4 are as follows:

  • Europeans’ attitudes on Trade and EU trade policy: appraisal of international trade, EU trade policy priorities, appraisal of globalisation, international trade consumption, globalisation information sources;
  • Europeans’ attitudes on EU energy policy: meaning of energy policies, energy security, EU energy responsibilities and priorities;
  • Discrimination in the European Union: outgroup contacts, outgroup memberships, perceptions and experiences of discrimination in the country, perceptions of disadvantageous job candidate features, attitudes towards minorities at highest political position, as colleagues or as love relationships of children, attitudes towards Roma, attitudes towards gender diversity

Data are available for free (registration required). After logging in, please click on the green button download_arrow in the box at the right.

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Topic Classification:

  • ECONOMICS - consumption/consumer behaviour
  • ECONOMICS - economic policy
  • ECONOMICS - economic systems and development
  • NATURAL ENVIRONMENT - natural resources and energy
  • SOCIAL STRATIFICATION AND GROUPINGS - gender and gender roles
  • SOCIETY AND CULTURE - social behaviour and attitudes
  • Nations: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom

    Geographical Unit: size community

    Analysis Unit: individual

    Universe: residents in the respective country aged 15 and over

    Sample Procedure: about 1,000 individuals for each country. Multi-stage stratified random sample

    Weight: Weight used. Please read the documentation for any details

    Collection Mode: face to face interview, Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)

    Collection Size: UniData supplies: 1 dataset in SPSS format; 1 dataset in STATA format; 2 questionnaire in PDF format (eng, ita); 1 methodological notes in PDF format (eng) (5 file)


    Methodological Notes (pdf):
    DDI Documentation:
    DDI Documentation

    Data Use Restriction:
    UniData – official representative for the dissemination of Eurobarometer surveys in Italy – provides a free data access for all Italian residents upon registration. Data are released in according to GESIS Licence (Category 0), available at this link. Other users will need to contact the GESIS Data Archive.
    Source Contact: Service - GESIS

    European Commission. (2019) Eurobarometer 91.4: Europeans’ attitudes on Trade and EU trade policy, Europeans’ attitudes on EU energy policy, and Discrimination in the European Union. Kantar Public [Producer]. GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences [Producer]. UniData - Bicocca Data Archive, Milan. Study Number SI380. Data file version 1.0

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    The user is obliged to quote all data and documents disseminated by UniData and used in the own publications, using the information previously showed. The user is also obliged to send UniData the bibliographic citations related to the publications where the requested data and documents are used.

    Neither the depositor nor UniData bear any responsibility for the analysis or interpretation of the data produced by the user.


    Question module QA partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 74.1.

    Question module QB was newly introduced.

    Question module QC partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 83.4 and Eurobarometer 77.4.

    No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.