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- restricted data
(the data use is limited - see below)
longitudinal (trend repeated cross-section)
ESS - European Social Survey
The European Social Survey (ESS) is a European survey covering more than 20 nations. Its twin aims are: first, it wants to monitor and interpret the changes in attitudes and values of European citizens and investigate how they interact with the constantly evolving European institutions; second, the survey aims to improve and consolidate methods for cross-national surveys in Europe and beyond. The project is funded by the European Commission (inside the 5th Framework Programme), the European Science Foundation and academic funding bodies in each participating country.
The Round 4 questionnaire is divided into different sections:
- Use of mass media (television, radio, press and Internet, use of the media to be informed about politics and current affairs) and trust in the neighbour
- Politics, including: interest in politics, trust in politicians and institutions, participation to electoral vote, political participation, opinions on government and public services provided by the State, socio-political assessments/attitudes; Immigration and political asylum, including: attitudes, perceptions, preferences and knowledge of policies on immigration
- Subjective well-being (including personal safety and health) and social exclusion; religion (religious affiliation, attendance at religious services); perceived discrimination, national and ethnic identity
- Personal and social well-being, helping others, feelings in the last week, life satisfaction, satisfaction with work
- Socio-demographic profile, including: composition of the family; sex, age, place of residence, education and employment of the respondent, partner and parents; household situation and income, civil status
- Questions about human values (Shalom Schwarz scale).
Data are available for free (registration required). After logging in, please click on the green button in the box at the right.
Keywords: immigration, family, health, media, voluntary work, politics, religion, values, labour, inequality
Nations: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine
Geographical Unit: region
Analysis Unit: individual
Universe: whole national population of 15 years and older
Sample Procedure: about 2.000 for each country (59.000 individuals overall). Multi-stage stratified random sample (see the documentation)
Weight: Weight used. Please read the documentation for any details
Collection Mode: face to face interview, various methods of data collection for each country (please see the documentation)
Collection Size: UniData supplies: 2 dataset in SPSS format (1 for all nations; 1 for Lithuania only); 1 questionnaire in PDF format (main and supplementary questionnaire); 14 documentation files in PDF format; 2 specific datasets in SPSS format (interviewer's questionnaire dataset and test variables dataset) (19 file)
Data Use Restriction:
The data are available without restrictions, for not-for-profit purposes. User agrees to quote the data source in all publications using the information showed later. More information are available here.
Source Contact: ESS Data archive - Norwegian Social Science Data Services (NSD)
Data: ESS Round 4: European Social Survey Round 4 Data (2008). Data file edition 4.0. Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Norway – Data Archive and distributor of ESS data.
Documentation: ESS Round 4: European Social Survey (2008): ESS-4 2008 Documentation Report. Edition 4.0. Bergen, European Social Survey Data Archive, Norwegian Social Science Data Services.
The user is obliged to quote all data and documents disseminated by UniData and used in the own publications, using the information previously showed. The user is also obliged to send UniData the bibliographic citations related to the publications where the requested data and documents are used.
Neither the depositor nor UniData bear any responsibility for the analysis or interpretation of the data produced by the user.