The opinion studies called Eurobarometers carries out since 1973, on a representative sample of population older than 14 years in all country pertaining to the European Union.
The survey is carried out interviewing in their own address about 1.000 persons in each country.

The general aim of Eurobarometer is to know the attitudes and estimations of European citizens about large general themes. The questions answer to the European integration issues, but sometimes they regard also specific problem about single country or common problems of economic, political or social nature.

The arguments developed in this surveys, carried out by mean of a structured questionnaire with closed questions, change according to the emergent social and political issues, and answering to the demands of thematic deepening from European scientific community. The several questions developed are: European elections, insertion of new country in the European Community, role of Union, sympathies towards vary ethnic groups, the woman condition, the values and the condition of youth, and other issues generally interesting. Alongside issues diversified for each survey, there are some interesting areas presents in every Eurobarometer, which that allows to estimate European public opinion trend in the years. Since the sample changes in each survey, the questions don’t refer to a panel, but they are shaped like a trend supplying an important opportunity of secondary analysis to the social researcher.
The Eurobarometer surveys are realized on behalf of the European Commission, General Direction X, Public Opinion Surveys and Research Unit. Since autumn of 1996 the responsible is Anna Melich. Until at 1986 the research programme was promoted and managed by Jacques – Rene Rabier collaborating with Ronald Inglehart; from 1987 to 1996 their work came continued by Karlheinz Reif, Anna Melich e Eric Marlier.

A cured description of the Eurobarometer surveys is available at:
ADPSS-Sociodata is the Italian responsible for distribution of the Eurobarometer surveys and it includes an updated Italian list of the themes faced beyond the Italian version of the questionnaires.

  Study about European Elections in 1994

Through the Eurobarometer work programme the European Union has promoted two special studies about European Elections in 1989 and 1994.

  CEEB - Central and Eastern Eurobarometer 

Since 1990 the Eurobarometer surveys have been extended at central and eastern European countries with the aim of finding the political and economical changes and the attitudes of citizens of the eastern country in regard to European Union. The country involved are: Albania, Macedonia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, URSS Federation, Armenia, Georgia, Moldavia, Belarus, Ukraine, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Kazakhstan, Croatia, Serbia/Montenegro.
The complete list of countries included in each survey is consultable at link, where are available various editions of the questionnaires.


Towards the end of ‘80s, alongside the Eurobarometer surveys, it has been proposed a series of “flash” surveys on limited sample turned to study interesting topical issues (i.e. EU currency). The surveys leaded in all the countries pertaining at European Union have assumed monthly cadence since 1994 (Monthly Monitor) and, in 1996, they are replaced by weeklies surveys (CTS).

To create the Monthly Monitor come interviewed by telephone 500 individuals about for each nation, (representative sample of population with more of 15 years old) concerning:

- Vote Intention
- Satisfaction about Democracy (in own country and in the European Union)
- European Partners Valuation
- Benefits of Integration

Between 1996 and 1998 the Monthly Monitor have been replaced by weekly surveys with 200 telephonic interview carried out weekly in each member country of European Union for a period of 44 week per year. The results of Continuous Tracking Survey, like the Flash Eurobarometer and the Monthly Monitors, are published in specific report of European Commission available at links (CTS), and (Flash Eurobarometer).