Eurobarometer 90.4: Attitudes of Europeans towards Biodiversity, Awareness and Perceptions of EU customs, and Perceptions of Antisemitism (2018)

European Commission


Changelog (Archive version):

2.0 - 2019-07-31
* Data and metadata updated to the latest release (2.0.0)

1.0 - 2019-07-03
* First import routine of the study



Changelog (Source release):

2.0.0 - 2019-7-30
* Embargo update

1.0.0 - 2019-6-11
* First pre-release



UniData provides two kind of data access:

  • open data
    (all users can use the data - an expense allowance could be required)
  • restricted data
    (the data use is limited - see below)

Data Kind:
individual data

Time Dimensions:
longitudinal (trend repeated cross-section)

Series Name:
EB - Eurobarometer

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The Eurobarometer survey is designed to provide regular monitoring of public social and political attitudes in the EU through specific trend questions. Therefore, the general aim of EB is to know the attitudes and evaluations of European citizens about large general themes. The questions concern to the European integration issues, but sometimes they regard also specific problem about single country or common problems of economic, political or social nature.

The arguments of Eurobarometer 90.4 are as follows:

  • Biodiversity: knowledge about and importance of biodiversity, EU actions to protect biodiversity, knowledge about and importance of Natura 2000 network;
  • EU customs: perceptions of EU customs authorities and their activities, awareness and priorities of EU customs activities;
  • Antisemitism: attitudes toward antisemitism, prevalence of expressions of antisemitism, perception of knowledge about Jewish people, influence of conflicts in the Middle East on perception of Jewish people, awareness of legislation, education about the Holocaust

Data are available for free (registration required). After logging in, please click on the green button download_arrow in the box at the right.

Keywords: , ,

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Topic Classification:

  • NATURAL ENVIRONMENT - plant and animal distribution
  • POLITICS - international politics and organisations
  • SOCIETY AND CULTURE - religion and values
  • SOCIETY AND CULTURE - social behaviour and attitudes
  • Nations: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom

    Geographical Unit: size community

    Analysis Unit: individual

    Universe: residents in the respective country aged 15 and over

    Sample Procedure: about 1,000 individuals for each country. Multi-stage stratified random sample

    Weight: Weight used. Please read the documentation for any details

    Collection Mode: face to face interview, Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)

    Collection Size: UniData supplies: 1 dataset in SPSS format; 1 dataset in STATA format; 1 questionnaire in PDF format (eng); 1 methodological notes in PDF format (eng) (4 file)


    Methodological Notes (pdf):
    DDI Documentation:
    DDI Documentation

    Data Use Restriction:
    UniData – official representative for the dissemination of Eurobarometer surveys in Italy – provides a free data access for all Italian residents upon registration. Data are released in according to GESIS Licence (Category 0), available at this link. Other users will need to contact the GESIS Data Archive.
    Source Contact: Service - GESIS

    European Commission. (2018) Eurobarometer 90.4: Attitudes of Europeans towards Biodiversity, Awareness and Perceptions of EU customs, and Perceptions of Antisemitism. Kantar Public [Producer]. GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences [Producer]. UniData - Bicocca Data Archive, Milan. Study Number SI376. Data file version 2.0

    Deposit Requirement:
    The user is obliged to quote all data and documents disseminated by UniData and used in the own publications, using the information previously showed. The user is also obliged to send UniData the bibliographic citations related to the publications where the requested data and documents are used.

    Neither the depositor nor UniData bear any responsibility for the analysis or interpretation of the data produced by the user.


    Question module QA partly replicates questions asked in the Eurobarometer 83.4.

    Question module QB partly replicates questions asked in the Eurobarometer 84.4.

    Question module QC replicates questions asked in the Eurobarometer 84.2.

    Question module QD is newly introduced, but replicates the special demographic questions formerly asked in the context of the Eurobarometer 83.4.

    No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.

    The REGION variable for Romania (p7ro), the REGION variable for Croatia (p7hr), and the sample size for Finland were updated after the publication of the corresponding official reports and tables, which leads to a slightly different distribution of cases on the REGION variables and the Finnish results in the published dataset. As a consequence of this update weights referring to Romania, Croatia and Finland have also been modified, which might lead to further slight deviations in the dataset results.

    Please note that the item order of question sd1 in the questionnaire is not identical with the sequence of items in the dataset.