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longitudinal (trend repeated cross-section)
The household budget survey (HBS) focuses on consumption expenditure behaviors of households residing in Italy. Such survey has replaced the old one. As deep changes have been introduced in every stage of the process, no comparison can be made using data prior to 2014.
The survey deals with all expenditures incurred by the families to purchase goods and services for family consumption or to make gifts to people outside the family. That definition also includes goods coming from their own vegetable garden or farm directly consumed by the family (self-consumption) or donated, the goods and services provided by the employer to employees for wages or services, imputed rent of owner-occupied housings or dwellings provided without charge. Any other expenditure for purposes other than consumption is excluded from the survey. The collection of the expenditures is accompanied by the collection of the main socio-economic characteristics of the individuals within the family.
The survey is conducted with two different techniques used in the three phases of data collection: an initial CAPI (Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing) interview, through which the characteristics of the household and the dwelling, as well as some periodic housing expenditures, are recorded; the self-completion daily expenditure records, on which the family takes note of food, goods and services expenses for a period of 14 days; a final CAPI interview to collect other less frequent or exceptional family expenses.
The observed phenomena include:
- Socio-demographic information
- Characteristics of the dwelling in which the family lives and other family owned dwellings
- Means of transport and communication
- Spending habits
- Housing expenditures
- Expenses over the past 12 months
- Expenses over the last 3 months
- Expenses over the last month
- Personal or business travels
The survey records expenditures with very different reference periods. The calculation of total expenditure therefore requires a time standardization of the collected data, i.e. a common reference period (the month), so that all the costs can be added up together.
The survey also represents the basis for the official estimates of absolute and relative poverty in Italy.
Data are available for free in CSV format (registration required). After logging in, please click on the green button in the box at the right.
In order to optimize the time of use of the dataset, UniData offers a service of conversion in the statistical software format (SPSS, Stata, R or SAS). For detailed information visit the Services for Istat Data page.
For members, instead, data are available in the main formats used by the software for the statistical analysis.
Geographical Unit: region
Analysis Unit: family
Universe: residents in Italy
Sample Procedure: 15.409 families. Two-stage stratified random sample
Weight: Weight used. Please read the documentation for any details
Collection Mode: self-administered questionnaire, Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)
Collection Size: UniData supplies: 1 dataset in SPSS (members only) or CSV (other users) format; 1 questionnaire in PDF format (ita); 1 methodological notes in PDF format (ita); 1 codebook in PDF format (ita); 1 ZIP file including the documentation from the source (ita) (5 file)
|Methodological Notes (pdf):||Codebook (pdf):||Documentation (zip):|
Data Use Restriction:
ISTAT data are released in according to Creative Commons – Attribution 3.0 Licence, available here. The redistribution to the third party, even in partial form, of data available to UniData members only is not allowed.
Source Contact: Contact Centre
Istat. (2016) Household Budget Survey. UniData - Bicocca Data Archive, Milan. Study Number SN185. Data file version 1.0
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