Eurobarometer 88.1: Parlemeter 2017, Cultural Heritage, Future of Europe, Attitudes of European citizens towards the environment

European Commission


Changelog (Archive version):

2.0 - 2022-05-20
* Data and metadata updated to the latest release (2.0.0)

1.0 - 2018-02-07
* Data archiving



Changelog (Source release):

2.0.0 - 2022-04-26
* Archive edition

1.0.0 - 2018-02-02
* Archive pre-release



UniData provides two kind of data access:

  • open data
    (all users can use the data - an expense allowance could be required)
  • restricted data
    (the data use is limited - see below)

Data Kind:
individual data

Time Dimensions:
longitudinal (trend repeated cross-section)

Series Name:
EB - Eurobarometer

270.78 KB
978.43 KB
other documentation

The Eurobarometer survey is designed to provide regular monitoring of public social and political attitudes in the EU through specific trend questions. Therefore, the general aim of EB is to know the attitudes and evaluations of European citizens about large general themes. The questions concern to the European integration issues, but sometimes they regard also specific problem about single country or common problems of economic, political or social nature.

The arguments of Eurobarometer 88.1 are as follows:

  • Parlemeter 2017: Awareness of, knowledge about, attitudes towards and trust in the European Parliament, EP policy priorities and values, European identity issues, Attitudes towards and (dis-)advantages of European Union membership
  • Cultural Heritage: Importance of and access to cultural heritage, living close to cultural heritage sites, pride in cultural heritage, awareness of, knowledge about, attitudes towards European cultural heritage
  • Future of Europe: Main EU assets, Future EU challenges, EU political influence, Future priorities and perspective
  • Attitudes of European citizens towards the environment: Importance of and attitudes towards environmental issues, individual sustainable activities, worries about environmental issues, appraisal of environmental behavior of institutional actors, awareness of ecolabels, attitudes towards plastic recycling and air quality

Data are available for free (registration required). After logging in, please click on the green button download_arrow in the box at the right.

Keywords: , , , ,

Share on Facebook Share on Google+ Share on Twitter

Topic Classification:

  • NATURAL ENVIRONMENT - natural landscapes
  • POLITICS - elections
  • POLITICS - international politics and organisations
  • POLITICS - mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • SOCIETY AND CULTURE - cultural activities and participation
  • SOCIETY AND CULTURE - social behaviour and attitudes
  • Nations: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden

    Geographical Unit: size community

    Analysis Unit: individual

    Universe: residents in the respective country aged 15 and over

    Sample Procedure: about 1.000 individuals for each country. Multi-stage stratified random sample

    Weight: Weight used. Please read the documentation for any details

    Collection Mode: face to face interview, Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)

    Collection Size: UniData supplies: 1 dataset in SPSS format; 1 dataset in Stata format; 1 syntax file concerning missing value in SPSS format; 2 questionnaires in PDF format (eng, ita); 1 methodological notes and codebook file in PDF format (eng) (6 file)


    Methodological Notes and codebook (pdf):
    DDI Documentation:
    DDI Documentation


    Data Use Restriction:
    UniData – official representative for the dissemination of Eurobarometer surveys in Italy – provides a free data access for all Italian residents upon registration. Data are released in according to GESIS Licence (Category 0), available at this link. Other users will need to contact the GESIS Data Archive.
    Source Contact: Eurobarometer Data Service - GESIS

    European Commission . (2017) Eurobarometer 88.1: Parlemeter 2017, Cultural Heritage, Future of Europe, Attitudes of European citizens towards the environmen. TNS Opinion [Producer]. GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences [Producer]. UniData - Bicocca Data Archive, Milan. Study Number SI357. Data file version 2.0

    Deposit Requirement:
    The user is obliged to quote all data and documents disseminated by UniData and used in the own publications, using the information previously showed. The user is also obliged to send UniData the bibliographic citations related to the publications where the requested data and documents are used.

    Neither the depositor nor UniData bear any responsibility for the analysis or interpretation of the data produced by the user.


    Question module QA ‘Parlemeter 2017’ was implemented on behalf of and financed by the European Parliament. It partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 86.1 and 84.1.

    Question module QB ‘Cultural heritage’ was newly introduced.

    Question module QC ‘Future of Europe’ is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 86.1.

    Question module QD ‘Attitudes of European citizens towards the environment’ is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 81.3.

    Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 (with 84.1 for Germany), the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has changed considerably. Categories for all countries have been harmonized among each other to three values (Rural area – Towns and suburbs/small urban area – Cities/large urban areas).

    Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P7 (REGION) has changed for some countries, in particular introducing NUTS categories for Ireland, Estonia, and Croatia.

    The derivation of variables qb7r ‘CULTURAL HERITAGE STATEMENTS – POSITIVITY INDEX’ is only briefly documented in the official report. A complete reconstruction and checking of the derived variables is not possible, but the data are consistent with official figures.

    The questionnaire representations of qd10_1 to qd10_13 (‘AWARE OF ECOLABEL: …’) and qd11_1 to qd11_13 (‘BOUGHT PROD W ECOLABEL: …’) deviate slightly from the actually fielded answer categories due to technical issues related to the display of the logos. The variables in the dataset correctly represent the actually fielded multiple answer matrix (0=Not mentioned; 1=Mentioned) with variables qd10_14/qd11_14 and qd10_15/qd11_15 representing the answer categories ‘None’ and ‘DK’. The category 0 ‘Not mentioned’ in qd11_1 to qd11_13 includes cases which have not actually reported to be aware of the respective label in qd10_1 to qd10_13, which deviates from the filtering instruction for question QD11.

    Please note that gen1 to gen6 are based on age instead of year of birth, which may entail a slightly inaccurate categorization for some respondents. Moreover, additional discrepancy in the categorization might be due to the potential use of 2016 as reference year instead of 2017.

    Please note that 12 respondents did not give answers to d15b (‘OCCUPATION OF RESPONDENT – LAST JOB’) after responding with 3 (‘Unemployed, temporarily not working’) in d15a (‘OCCUPATION OF RESPONDENT’). According to the questionnaire such ‘No answer’ responses should not be allowed.

    The end-of-fieldwork dates implied by the values in protocol variable p1 (date of interview) differ slightly from those indicated in the technical specifications provided by TNS for Bulgaria and Germany.

    Data for protocol variables p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available.