Eurobarometer 92.1: Expectations and concerns of connected and automated driving, Attitudes of Europeans towards Air Quality, and Undeclared work in the European Union (2019)

European Commission


Changelog (Archive version):

3.0 - 2021-04-12
* Data and metadata updated to the latest release (3.0.0), and update of the title of the study

2.0 - 2020-06-22
* Data and metadata updated to the latest release (2.0.0)

1.0 - 2020-05-21
* first import routine of the study



Changelog (Source release):

3.0.0 - 2021-03-31
* Pre-Release (Embargo)

2.0.0 - 2020-06-17
* Pre-Release (Embargo)

1.0.0 - 2020-03-09
* GESIS archive prerelease edition



UniData provides two kind of data access:

  • open data
    (all users can use the data - an expense allowance could be required)
  • restricted data
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Data Kind:
individual data

Time Dimensions:
longitudinal (trend repeated cross-section)

Series Name:
EB - Eurobarometer

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The Eurobarometer survey is designed to provide regular monitoring of public social and political attitudes in the EU through specific trend questions. Therefore, the general aim of EB is to know the attitudes and evaluations of European citizens about large general themes. The questions concern to the European integration issues, but sometimes they regard also specific problem about single country or common problems of economic, political or social nature.

The arguments of Eurobarometer 92.1 are as follows:

  • expectations and concerns of connected and automated driving: driving licence, attitudes towards and use of automated driving assistance, visual idea of automated vehicles, being comfortable with various aspects of automated driving, activities while using automated vehicles, attitudes towards various aspects related to autonomous driving;
  • attitudes of Europeans towards Air Quality: level of information about and appraisal of air quality in the country, appraisal of health and environmental problems associated with air quality, ways of tackling the issue, appraisal of existing public activities, consumption patterns in relation to air quality, appraisal of air quality standards;
  • undeclared work in the European Union: having worked in another country, knowing persons not declaring all income, sanctions and risk of being detected, trust in institutions tackling undeclared work, assessment of various actions, suspicious regarding goods and services, own experiences of undeclared work.

Data are available for free (registration required). After logging in, please click on the green button download_arrow in the box at the right.

Keywords: , , , , ,

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Topic Classification:

  • ECONOMICS - income, property and investment/saving
  • HEALTH - general health
  • LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT - employment
  • LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT - working conditions
  • NATURAL ENVIRONMENT - environmental degradation/pollution and protection
  • Nations: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom

    Geographical Unit: size community

    Analysis Unit: individual

    Universe: residents in the respective country aged 15 and over

    Sample Procedure: about 1,000 individuals for each country. Multi-stage stratified random sample

    Weight: Weight used. Please read the documentation for any details

    Collection Mode: face to face interview, Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)

    Collection Size: UniData supplies: 1 dataset in SPSS format; 1 dataset in STATA format; 2 questionnaires in PDF format (eng, ita); 1 methodological notes in PDF format (eng) (5 file)


    Methodological Notes (pdf):
    DDI Documentation:
    DDI Documentation

    Data Use Restriction:
    UniData – official representative for the dissemination of Eurobarometer surveys in Italy – provides a free data access for all Italian residents upon registration. Data are released in according to GESIS Licence (Category 0), available at this link. Other users will need to contact the GESIS Data Archive.
    Source Contact: Service - GESIS

    European Commission. (2019) Eurobarometer 92.1: Expectations and concerns of connected and automated driving, Attitudes of Europeans towards Air Quality, and Undeclared work in the European Union. Kantar Public [Producer]. GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences [Producer]. UniData - Bicocca Data Archive, Milan. Study Number SI382. Data file version 3.0

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    Question module QA partly replicates questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 82.2.

    Question module QB was newly introduced.

    Question module QC partly replicates questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 88.1 and Flash Eurobarometer 360.

    Question module QD partly replicates questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 79.2.

    No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.